The ecoregion covers an area of 41,700 square kilometers (16,100 sq mi), and despite its name, comprise not only the state of Meghalaya, but also parts of southern Assam, and a tiny bit of Nagaland around Dimapur. Earlier, It was a part of Assam. It is bounded on the north by Goalpara, Kamrup and Nowgong districts, on the east by Karbi Anglong and North Cachar Hills districts, all of Assam, and on the south and west by Bangladesh. Elephants, tigers, leopards, deer, wild pigs, gaurs (wild bison), mithan (or gayals, the domesticated form of the gaur), wolves, anteaters, monkeys, apes, squirrels, snakes, hares, and sambar deer are all found in the state. Many rivers and streams flow out of the plateau, creating deep, narrow, steep-sided valleys; the most important is the Umiam-Barapani, which is the major source of hydroelectric power for Assam and Meghalaya states. Meghalaya covers an area of approximately 2.2 million hectares. Internal communications are poor, and many areas remain isolated. Shillong is the largest town; other urban centres, listed in descending order of population, include Tura, Mawlai, Nongthymmai, and Jowai. The state capital is the hill town of Shillong, located in east-central Meghalaya. The State of Meghalaya is situated on the north east of India. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), age groups). If the father-in-law dies, the nokrom marries (and the marriage has to be consummated) the widowed mother-in-law, thus becoming the husband of both mother and daughter. Williamnagar, the headquarters of the East Garo Hills district of Meghalaya , was named after Captain Williamson A. Sangma, the first Chief Minister of the State of Meghalaya. The icon links to further information about a selected place including its population structure (gender, urbanization, population group, literacy (a7+), activity status (a7+)). Meghalaya is an Indian State located in the Northeastern region of India. Chief Editor. of India for Meghalaya state reveal that population of Meghalaya has increased by 27.95% in this decade compared (2001-2011) to past decade (1991-2001). In 2011 its population was 643,291. During the winter months (December to February), the climate is relatively dry. Area codes list for India, Meghalaya. Cherrapunjee and Mawsynram are among the wettest places on Earth; most of the rain falls between June and September, creating very impressive waterfalls and carving out some of Asia’s longest caves. Christianity, Hinduism, and animistic forms of Hinduism are the major religions in the area. The population is predominantly rural, and few towns exist in the state. Explore Shillong's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. Horticulture - Area, Production and Productivity Statistics, 2016 Note : This dataset covers the Area, Production and Productivity Statistics of Crops. meghalaya.gov.in † It receivit the status o a full-fledgit State in 1971 bi the North-Eastern Areas (Reorganisation) Act 1971 Meghalaya ( / m eɪ ɡ ˈ ɑː l ə j ə / [3] or US / ˌ m eɪ ɡ ə ˈ l eɪ ə / ; [4] /meːɡʱaːləj(ə)/ [ citation needit ] ) is a state in northeast Indie . The state’s judiciary is headed by the High Court in Shillong. This state is bounded to the north by Assam and by Bangladesh to the south. Its summits vary in elevation from 4,000 to 6,000 feet (1,220 to 1,830 metres). The state is bounded on the north by Assam and by Bangladesh on the south. A curious custom among the Garos is that after marriage the youngest son-in-law goes to live in his wife’s parents’ house and becomes his father-in-law’s nokrom, or clan representative in the mother-in-law’s family. Jihar tarayyar Indiya ce daga shekara ta 1972. mi). The district occupies an area of 2752 km² and has a population of 825,922 (as of 2011). 223,366), capital of Meghalaya state, NE India. This state is surrounded in the north by Assam and by Bangladesh in its south. Meghalaya has some of the densest tropical rainforests in the country, and therefore constitutes one of … The capital is Shillong and it is unquestionably an energetic Hill Station. (Rainfall at Cherrapunji may be exceeded, however, by that at Mawsynram, a village directly west of Cherrapunji, where rainfall totals of some 700 inches [17,800 mm] per year have been recorded.) Pop. There are no railways in Meghalaya. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. “... forget everything … Contents: Cities and Towns The population of all cities and towns in the State of Meghalaya by census years. 10 Interesting and Amazing Facts About Meghalaya. Geography of Meghalaya. This page deals with all updated info in Meghalaya State such as Politics of Meghalaya, Culture, Sports, Famous Days, Events, Meghalaya Latest News, Meghalaya Current Affairs on Geography etc. The living root bridge is situated in the Cherrapunji part of Meghalaya, the wettest place on earth. Double Decker Living Root Bridge. Its summits vary in elevation from 4,000 to 6,000 feet (1,220 to 1,830 metres). The Mawlynnong Village in Meghalaya has been consecutively voted as Asia's cleanest village and is one of places the to… Delhi lies on which river? Ideal Itinerary for Meghalaya. Babban birnin jihar da birnin mafi girman jihar Shillong ne. The state of Meghalaya (the abode of clouds) is geographically known as the "Meghalaya Plateau" or the "Shillong Plateau". West Garo Hills district is located at the westernmost part of Meghalaya. Cherrapunji Garo Hills, Tura, Butterfly Museum, Central Museum, Wangala (Harvest Festival), Shad Nongkrem, Shad Sukmynsiem, Shad Nongkrem and Doregata dances. It is bounded on the north and east by the Indian state of … If you visit Meghalaya, you will have to go to the Baghmara reserve forest … As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Meghalaya (out of 7), after East Khasi Hills. Data refers to market year, for example data for 2001-02 market year is uploaded as data for 2002 The population development in Meghalaya as well as related information and services (Wikipedia, Google, images). Meghalaya—alaya (“abode”) and megha (“of the clouds”)—occupies a mountainous plateau of great scenic beauty. Scotland of the East. Meghalaya has 11 districts : 1. Christian Khasi and Garo tribes inhabit the surrounding d Current local time in India – Meghalaya – Shillong. The most famous of these is the "double-decker" root bridge which is … Meghalaya consists of the Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills along with their outliers formed by the Assam ranges. It is the detached north-eastern extension of the Peninsular India. Land Relief and drainage. A tranquil waterfall away from the common tourist circuit, Krang Suri falls is one of … Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). There are also a small minority of Muslims and even smaller groups of Buddhists and Sikhs. It is a summer resort c.5,000 ft (1,525 m) high in the Khasi Hills. It extends for about 300 kilometres in length and about 100 kilometres in breadth. 2,306,069), c.8,700 sq mi (22,530 sq km), NE India, bordered on the south by Bangladesh.The capital is Shillong Shillong, city (1991 pop. Khasi, Garo, Jaintia, Bengali, Assamese, English, Nokrek NP, Balpakram NP, Nongkhyllem WS, Nokrek Biosphere Reserve, Siju Bird Sanctuary. Meghalaya consists of the Garo, Khasi and Jaintia hills along with their outliers formed by the Assam ranges. However Compare Infobase Limited and its directors do not own any responsibility for the correctness or authenticity of the same. Tathagata Roy shi ne gwamnan jihar. Meghalaya has an estimated 15,100 million tonnes of limestone … It was originally a part of Assam, but on 21 January 1972, the districts of Khasi, Garo and Jaintia hills became a part of this beautiful northeastern state. Meghalaya was formed by carving out two districts from the state of Assam: the United Khasi Hills and Jaintia Hills, and the Garo Hills on 21 January 19722. In what state is Bengaluru? The Sanctuary is known to be as close to real nature as possible and is located in the Ri-Bhoi district of Meghalaya. Endi silk is used to make colourful wraps and hawls; baskets known as khokd thugis are commonly woven; cone shaped bamboo rain shields known as knup are also popular. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Meghalaya is basically an agricultural state with about 80% of its population depending entirely on agriculture for their livelihood. In the early 19th century, however, the British desire to build a road through the region to link Bengal and Assam led to a treaty (1827) with the ruler (syiem) of the Khasi principality of Nonkhlaw. Facts About Meghalaya – Meghalaya, a hilly strip in eastern India, covers a total area of just 22,429 sq km. It also contains many other habitats than subtropical forests, but the montane subtropical forests found in Meghalaya is an important biome, and was once much more widespread in the region, and for these reasons chosen as the most s… Marriages are exogamous. Disclaimer : All efforts have been made to make this image accurate. Pop. For the next century, the British exercised political control over the area, then known as the Garrows and Cossiya (Khasi) States, but the tribes, left to themselves, were able to preserve their traditional way of life in seclusion. The district headquarters are located at Shillong. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/place/Meghalaya, Official Site for The Tourism of Meghalaya, India, Meghalaya - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The largest city in Meghalaya is Shillong. Meghalaya spreads across a total area of 22,429 sq. Updates? The Khasis formerly practiced human sacrifice. However, the state does have a number of colleges and institutes of higher education, including North-Eastern Hill University at Shillong. Meghalaya General Knowledge Questions and Answers are updated on this blog. According to the geography of Meghalaya, it is located in between Bangladesh in the south and the Brahmaputra valley in the north, in the north-eastern portion of India. Get Shillong's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. By the mid-1830s, most of the local rulers had submitted to the British. The climate of Meghalaya is generally mild. There are 11 functional root bridges in this area and all of them look exceptionally good. The population numbered 2,175,000. When Assamese became the state’s official language in 1960, agitation for autonomy and self-rule gathered strength. Meghalaya, the Abode of Clouds, is a state in the Northeast region of India. Along with other tribal areas, the region was given special protection in the Indian constitution, and, though included within the state of Assam, it retained a great deal of autonomy. Unlike in many other hill regions in northeastern India, this movement was largely peaceful and constitutional. Meghalaya is an upland area formed by a detached block of the Deccan plateau. Geneva Representative, Third World Network, Penang, Malaysia. The Nongkhyllem Sanctuary spreads over an area of about 29 square kilometres and is famous as a breeding ground to various rare species that include reptiles, animals, birds and other fauna. over an area of 220 square kilometers at a height of 3000 feet. Meghalaya, a hilly strip in eastern India, covers a total area of 22,429 km2 (8,660 sq mi). The name of the name actually means the abode of clouds in the Sanskrit language. Morning mist and frosty hillsides south of Shillong, Meghalaya, India. Meghalaya. Krang Suri Falls. 11. Meghalaya is a beautiful state in northeast India. Learn more about the Indian geography on our resource- oriented platform, Maps of India. The capital is Shillong, known as the "Scotland of the East“ , and which has a population of 143,007 Balphakram National Park lies in the southern part of Meghalaya, Garos, the locals inhabiting the region, believe this hill to The district occupies an area of 3714 km². Meghalaya is one of the Indian states located in the north eastern region. Meghalaya is located in the northeast of India. No one travel beyond Jowai in the Jaintia Hills or beyond Tura in the Garo Hills.. For most of the visitors, Meghalaya means Shillong, Cherrapunji and Dawki only. India’s first prime minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, evolved a policy to preserve and protect the way of life of the tribal peoples. Meghalaya is a unique and small state in the north-eastern region of India, it is a paradise on earth. The custom has been falling into disuse. Local time and map of Meghalaya Meghalaya was created as an autonomous state within Assam in 1970 and achieved full statehood on January 21, 1972. East Khasi Hills is an administrative district in the state of Meghalaya in India. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Annual rainfall in Shillong, only about 50 miles (80 km) from Cherrapunji, is about 90 inches (2,290 mm). However, the advent of Christianity in the mid-19th century, along with its strict morality, disrupted many of the tribal and communal institutions. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Meghalaya, state of India, located in the northeastern part of the country. It is bounded by the Indian state of Assam to the north and northeast and by Bangladesh to the south and southwest. Meghalaya is blanketed in lush forests, and pines, sals, and bamboo are plentiful. Its sillimanite deposits (a source of high-grade ceramic clay) are reputedly the best in the world and account for almost all of India’s sillimanite output. Most of the inhabitants of Meghalaya are Tibeto-Burman (Garos) or Mon-Khmer (Khasis) in origin, and their languages and dialects belong to these groups. Meghalaya is an Indian state and located in north-eastern part of India. Agriculture in the state is characterised by limited use of modern techniques, low yields and low productivity. Area 8,660 square miles (22,429 square km). Drinking and dancing to the accompaniment of music from singas (buffalo horns), bamboo flutes, and drums are integral parts of religious ceremonies and social functions. All Civil Services Examination aspirants out there! Meanwhile, sources in Meghalaya informed that three Bangladeshi nationals had abducted Momin on December 28 from the bordering area with the help of BGB personnel. Sohra. Meghalaya synonyms, Meghalaya pronunciation, Meghalaya translation, English dictionary definition of Meghalaya. Formerly a part of Assam, Meghalaya attained full statehood in 1972. Meghalaya, with an average annual rainfall of 1,150 cm, receives the highest amount of rainfall in the country. Meghalaya is rich in tribal culture and folklore. How many countries border India? #1 of 9 Sights & Landmarks in Sohra. It means “the abode of clouds” in the Sanskrit language, and became one of the famous tourist destinations in India. However, the agricultural land accounts for only about 48% of the total geographical area of Meghalaya. The state of Meghalaya is situated in the northeast region of India, extending from latitude 20°1' N and 26°5' N and longitude 85°49' E and 92°52' E. It extends for about 300 km in length and about 100 km in width. It is the 22nd largest state by area and also by population. Meghalaya jiha ce, da ke a Arewa maso Gabashin ƙasar Indiya.Tana da yawan fili kimanin kilomita murabba’i 22,429 da yawan jama’a 2,964,007 (in ji ƙidayar shekarar 2011). Total area of Meghalaya is 22,429 km² including 22,146.11 km² rural area and 282.89 km² urban area. Meghalaya covers an area of approximately 300 kilometres in length and about 100 kilometres in breadth. The state is one of the least developed in India. (2011) 2,964,007. Meghalaya State is established on 21-Jan-1972. Like other states of the Indian union, Meghalaya has a governor, appointed by the president of India. 1. There are two colleges. A national highway runs through the state from Guwahati (Assam) in the north to Karimganj (Assam) in the south. Bapung is a village in Meghalaya and has an elevation of 1310 metres. Meghalaya. Meghalaya has the highest rainfall in India, recording an annual average of 12,000 millimeters. Meghalaya has abundant but untapped natural resources, including coal, limestone, kaolin, feldspar, quartz, mica, gypsum, bauxite, and other minerals. All the studies had pointed to aggressive limestone mining activities in the area. One of the world’s wettest regions is found in Meghalaya—Cherrapunji, which has an average annual precipitation of about 450 inches (11,430 mm) during monsoon season (from May to September). Meghalaya has estimated coal reserves of 559 million tonnes (MT), spread over an area of 213.9 sq. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. The area is made of the oldest rock-formations. The number of inhabitants in Meghalaya as per 2011 has been assessed at 2,964,007 of which females include 1,492,668 and males 1,471,339. The state is predominantly inhabited by three major tribes viz The GAROS, the KHASIS and the Jaintias. Meghalaya is an upland area formed by a detached block of the Deccan plateau. Don Bosco Centre for Indigenous Cultures (Shillong), Double Decker Living Root Bridge (Cherrapunjee). 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