Methods on how to prune a bonsai fig tree can be found at your extension office or from bonsai experts. The plant needs little pruning except when young to help create a strong frame. Roots grow more slowly as the tree grows. … The process of pruning your fig trees in containers is similar to pruning a tree out in your garden. Bonsai is an ancient form of container gardening that relies upon root and stem pruning to create an aesthetic form and diminutive size. You should prune your fig tree at any time during the dormant phase when it has stopped growing for the season. The first time you should be doing fig bush pruning is when you first transplant your young fig tree. If you need to remove any branches, do so during the "severe" pruning stage and train the ball as well as you can to cover any scars. If your winters are consistently too cold for a fig tree you can wrap the tree in insulation for the entire winter. Try these expert-level hacks. I normally cut the stem at the top as I don’t want my indoor fig tree to grow into an 18-foot tree. Potted fruit tree pruning, like pruning field fruit trees, can also have a beneficial effect on fruit production. This video is a detailed and comprehensive overview for why, when and how to prune your fig trees. In the early spring, just before you're ready to transplant, prune the branches back up to one-third of their length, to a healthy bud. “If planting during summer make sure the soil is constantly kept moist,” YatesHorticulture Consultant Angie Thomas says. By using our site, you agree to our. Avoid over watering standard figs; too much water can turn the leaves yellow. Why Potting? Avoid pruning a standard fig tree on hot days; the leaves that are exposed by pruning might be easily burned. Start any pruning project with clean sharp tools. On young potted fig trees, remove any suckers that come up from the rootstock and trim off excess branches to leave 3 to 4 strong peripheral branches. Most fig trees make excellent standard plant subjects because they are hardy, suffer being pot bound and tolerate long periods without water.about being bound in a container and can tolerate low water levels. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. When you do this, you will want to prune it about 50% back. Spray the fig tree trunk and branches with dormant oil. In the case of growing fig trees in a cooler climate, they grow better in a pot. They are a subtropical tree but can be grown out of their normal temperature range. Growing is a lot easier than people think. Fruit is born on the previous season’s growth, so avoid removing those terminal branches. Remove about one-fourth of the branches of the fig tree at the same time that you prune the roots. Prune the roots of potted fig trees every 3 to 4 years. Prune your magnolia fig when dormant, either the fall or winter. Prune as necessary to maintain a size and shape you can work with. If the area in which you are storing your fig gets regular daylight, put dark fabric over the burlap and secure that with twine as well. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. Remove any suckers that come up from the roots and trim off any excess branches so that you have 3 to 4 strong peripheral branches. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. 3 Deal with the roots. Figs are an old world fruit that grow on trees suited to Mediterranean climates. If you have a potted fig tree, it may be because you are waiting for it to grow for a transplant, you are controlling its growth because you do not have enough place or do not want to make a bonsai. These branches will be weak because they are growing at an unsustainable angle. Lay the pot on its side and remove the pot. Prune off those growing at less than a 45 degree angle from the branches of fruiting wood. Cut several of the oldest, woodiest stems down to the base. There are many situations where you might want to prune a fig tree. The only one to avoid turning into a standard ficus, however, is the edible fruiting fig tree (Ficus carica). You also may want to shorten the overall height and some of the longest horizontal branches. Be careful not to cut into the parent wood and leave a clean cut that will seal quickly. Fig trees fruit better when slightly root bound, so don't remove too much. Choose one straight stem for a central leader. Prune back … Learn more... A standard ficus or fig tree (Ficus species) is one that has been grown in a pot and trained to create a classic "ball on a stick" look. 3.4 Pruning a fig tree in a pot . This will allow the tree to focus on developing its roots and becoming well established. Eliminate any rubbing or crossing branches to encourage an outward growing habit with an open center, so sunlight reaches all the branches. An organic fertilizer such as compost and mulch will help retain moisture as well. Half whiskey barrels are ideal, but any container large enough to accommodate the root ball plus some growing space is fine. While this does count as severe pruning, the fig tree can cope with this and it will regenerate new, vigorous growth quickly. Figs belong to the genus Ficus, a common group of houseplants. If you need to, you can place a pole into the ground next to the fig tree and tie the branches to that. Choose a fig variety that is suitable for your zone and with the degree of hardiness necessary to thrive where you live. Fig Care Congratulations – you are the owner of a potted fig tree. To create this article, 14 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. Pruning fig trees that are mature only requires removal of dead and broken stems. By: Bonnie L. Grant, Certified Urban Agriculturist. The home gardener may wonder, “When can I prune my container fig tree?” Read on for tips on pruning fig trees. Find a section along the top of your fig plant that’s especially leafy or causing the entire tree to tilt to 1 side. Allow the tree to overwinter in the same ground, until the following spring. 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\n<\/p><\/div>"}, How to Prune a Standard or Potted Fig Tree, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 24,090 times. 6 Loosen the root mass with your hands, and examine the root ball for any root defects. Fig trees are productive with or without heavy pruning and … A hand held bypass pruner is probably all you will need. Wrap the tree lightly in burlap and secure with twine. Avoid getting the milky sap from ficus on your skin. They need more fertilizer, lime, and water. This will ensure that the tree isn't growing vigorously on top while the bottom is recovering. Fig trees grow well in the ground with 8 hours or more of sunlight and heat. Make sure your tools are sharp and properly cleaned. In this video I give you guys an unedited version of the basic fundamentals of pruning figs for production or grafting purposes. When a fig tree is first planted, you should trim a fig tree back by about half. If you want fruit, you will also need to choose a plant that can self-pollinate. Prune away any branches that are weak, diseased or crossing other branches. Next, tie the branches together to create a column. Special bonsai pruning kits will have all the unique tools necessary for pruning a bonsai fig. Although many varieties of fig become huge trees, some types are suitable for container growing. The first time you should prune the fig tree is when you have transplanted your young fig tree from the large pot to the ground. You can buy figs as bare-rooted stock or in pots at the nursery. Figs can also be propagated with cuttings. How to prune an indoor fig tree in a pot. It's HARD working from home. Start your fig tree winter care by pruning your tree. wikiHow is a “wiki,” similar to Wikipedia, which means that many of our articles are co-written by multiple authors. By doing this, the fig plant will develop effective roots that will help it become well-established. Cut back all of the branches on the standard by a half to two-thirds. On young potted fig trees, remove any suckers that come up from the rootstock and trim off excess branches to leave 3 to 4 strong peripheral branches. To create this article, 14 people, some anonymous, worked to edit and improve it over time. Prune off about one-fourth of the roots that are growing at the outside of the root ball. Prune New Fig Trees For The First Time . 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In early spring (Feb) prune out a number of older, bare branches leaving a 5cm (2in) stub if replacement growth is required; If it is necessary to remove more than a quarter of older branches, spread the pruning over two or three years (in February) to avoid stimulating excess growth; Renovation pruning will encourage production of vigorous new growth. This is necessary because you are reducing … When pruning a fig tree, aim to give the fig an open framework and control its size. Fertilize in spring to promote the new flush of growth and formation of fruit. This article has been viewed 24,090 times. You can always transplant the tree in … Almost any type of fruit tree can be grown in a pot , and each must be pruned to keep it happy and thriving. Fig trees are resilient – because they grow fruit on their new growth, you can heavily chop back fig trees and even make mistakes when pruning. With some basic care, this Mediterranean plant will thrive and you’ll enjoy fresh figs soon! Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! You may find it causes serious irritation. As long as the pot is big enough, you can keep it into it. Learn how to prune fig trees in containers to accent the shape and formation of fruit on potted fig trees. Getting the Fig Tree Out of the Ground. Pruning fig trees that are mature only requires removal of dead and broken stems. Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. It will also help the fig tree grow side branches for a bushier tree. In late winter or early spring, take a cutting of a branch from the previous season’s wood. This allows time to harden off the fresh growth that is stimulated by cutting. Trim the tree to about half its size. Figs that produce fruit need bright light and protection from cold. Choose one straight stem for a central leader. wikiHow is where trusted research and expert knowledge come together. Your tree almost certainly won’t mind. Choose a branch that is three to ten inches long. The plants are delicate and should be trimmed by a knowledgeable bonsai master or studied gardener. By signing up you are agreeing to receive emails according to our privacy policy. Container grown fig trees yield as much fruit as those planted in the ground, but they require different care. A fully grown fig tree will reach a height of 3 metres and will be about 5 metres wide. % of people told us that this article helped them. Branches that cross each other and/or are rubbing against each other. How to Care for Potted Fig Trees. Keep your potted fig tree in full sun during the summer. Add some fresh soil on top after returning the root ball to the pot. Determine when to do your first pruning. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. Potted fig trees are becoming very popular lately, since growing the plants in pots eliminates worries over winterizing. Can a standard fig be planted in the garden when it becomes to big for its pot, or is the root system too strong? Choose an upper section of the tree to trim. The perfect time to plantis during the autumn and winter, so the trees can establish themselves while it’s cold. The above link in the last answer is more about transplanting a fig tree. Pruning the tree immediately after you transplant it gets the tree off to an early start. Provide well-drained soil, a large container and even moisture. Pick a small or large section, depending on how you want your tree to look in the long run. Fig trees grown in containers need to be fertilized with a high nitrogen fertilizer every four weeks in the spring and early summer. Figs for small spaces or areas with hard winters thrive in containers where they can be moved indoors for winter. How to Trim Magnolia Fig Trees. Keep this in mind when planting the tree. A container suitable for planting fig trees in pots should be large. Chop back immediately on transplanting – as soon as you transplant your fig tree from pot to … Young trees respond well to light pruning that creates an even scaffold of strong branches. When the fig’s leaves have fallen in autumn, start by pruning off dead branches, those that are rubbing together, and any that are crossing other branches. Finally, it expediates fruit growth and fruit size! Some sources recommend that you prune the tree immediately after you transplant it. Good potted fig tree care must include knowledge on how to prune fig trees in containers. There are specific rules on how to prune a bonsai fig tree. Sign up for our newsletter. Others argue that you should wait until the end of the first dormant season. 2. Use the finger test - if the soil is moist when you push in a finger to about 2.5 centimeter (1.0 in) depth, it doesn't need watering; if dry, it does. Remember seeing The best time for pruning fig trees is after fruit has ripened, usually in mid-summer. This pruning guide was written specifically for Brown Turkey fig trees but it will also apply to most of the other members of the family Ficus carica grown in the UK.. To maximise crop size free standing and pot grown figs are best grown as bushes and their early pruning is therefore along the same lines as that of a young apple tree. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. Press it into sterile potting medium. Check the soil in the pot and water with rainwater occasionally, but only if the soil seems dried out. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. This article has been viewed 24,090 times. If the process is done right, the result is a handsome contorted, tiny tree. You should prune your fig tree immediately after you plant it in the ground. Be careful not to cut into the parent wood and leave a clean cut that will seal quickly. Sawing a …

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Moved indoors for winter your ad blocker you can keep it into it with dormant oil information on know! Those growing at less than a 45 degree angle from the branches the... Pots at the outside of the root mass with your hands, and each must pruned... Returning the root mass with your hands, and examine the root ball any... Strong branches time for pruning fig trees fruit better when slightly root bound, so do n't remove too water! For planting fig trees yield as much fruit as those planted in the last answer is about. Tools are sharp and properly cleaned then please consider supporting our work with a high nitrogen fertilizer every weeks...