The fruit of the Red gram is a pod. Red gram [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] belongs to family Leguminosae. Special Features of Pigeon Pea. Conserve Larval parasitoids, Apanteles paludicolae, Diadegma sp. Saline • often cross pollinated crop. Numerous nodules are present on roots, these nodules contain Rhizobium bacteria, which fixes atmospheric nitrogen. In India, Maize is emerging as third most important crop after rice and wheat. Climate and Soil for Red gram seed germination. The chickpea (Cicer arietinum) (also garbanzo bean, Indian pea, ceci bean, Bengal gram) is an edible legume of the family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae. Usually two flowers open at a time on the same inflorescence. The crop performs well on fertile well drained loamy soils. Red Gram belongs to the family Leguminoseae. The flowers are self-pollinated,pollination takes place before the flowers open. Chickpeas are high in protein and one of the earliest cultivated vegetables. The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is a perennial legume.This is one of the most important pulses because of its nutrients value. Management. The leaves are trifoliately compound. Damage symptoms. Red gram seeds are round-shaped or lens-shaped, the seeds color coat being dirty white to silver-white, dark mottled brown and pinkish black, and the cotyledons yellow-colored. It is an important source of protein and used as an important […] RED GRAM • (Cajanus cajan) (2n = 22) • Self pollination is the rule in Red gram and natural crossing extents up to 65 per cent. Host range – Red gram, lablab, niger and horse gram. Especially in the urban area pigeon Pea is used as a common pulse. The flowers are self-pollinated but cross-fertilization may also occur to some extent. Red Gram (Arhar Dal) Farming Information: Red gram or Pigeon pea is the second most important pulse crop of India after chickpea.Red gram can be grown on a wide range from Sandy loam to clay loam. Red gram is predominantly a crop of tropical areas mainly cultivated in semi-arid regions of India. Profenophos 50 EC @ 1 ml/l or thiodicarb 75 WP or methomyl 40 SP @ 0.6 g/l water 5-20% pods are damaged. The inflorescence is an axillary receme often forming a terminal panicle. Arhar is the most popular pulse in India. 7,500-year-old remains have been found in the Middle East. Red Gram Cultivation or Pigeonpea or Arhar Dal or Toor Dal Cultivation The pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) is a perennial legume from the family Leguminaceae (Fabaceae). It is also known as Red gram in India and is most popular as split Pigeon Peas/Toor Dal. Select from premium Red Gram of the highest quality. It is an erect shrub. The tiny larva bores into unopened buds, flowers and tender parts. Despite the production strength, Indian corn yields are significantly below the yields in major corn producing countries. It … 6. • Selfing, Mature flower buds are to be covered with paper bags for one or two days. 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